Research

Publications

"No Longer Conforming to Stereotypes? Gender, Political Style, and Parliamentary Debate in the UK", with Jack Blumenau
British Journal of Political Science (Accepted, 2021)

"The Gendered Debate: Do Men and Women Communicate Differently in the House of Commons?", with Tone Langengen
Politics & Gender (Forthcoming, 2020)


"Marion Fellows" Chapter in The Honourable Ladies: Volume II Profiles of Women MPs 1997–2019. (eds. Iain Dale and Jacqui Smith, 2019)

Ongoing projects

"A Double Standard? Gender Bias in Voters' Perceptions of Political Arguments"

"Working Hard or Hardly Working? Gender and Voter Evaluations of Legislator Productivity", with Jessica C. Smith

"Citizens’ Assembly on Brexit: Deliberation in a Polarised Setting", with Alan Renwick, Rebecca McKee and Graham Smith

"Familiar Issues: The Effect of Parenthood on Politicians' Issue Prioritisation"

"Man, 'I Feel Like a Woman': Men's Strategic Representation of Women's Interests"

Doctoral research

Focusing on the UK, my doctoral research examines the importance of gender stereotypes for shaping the behaviour of both politicians and voters in the UK. In my first PhD paper, "No Longer Conforming to Stereotypes? Gender, Political Style, and Parliamentary Debate in the UK" (joint with Jack Blumenau, accepted for publication, British Journal of Political Science), we identify a key limitation of prior work on debating style: that existing work has not considered how gendered patterns of style vary over time. We describe novel quantitative text analysis approaches for measuring a diverse set of styles at scale in parliamentary debates, and show how patterns have changed between 1997 and 2019. We find that while gender stereotypes were once accurate descriptions of men's and women's styles, they no longer are.

In my second PhD paper, "Man, 'I Feel Like a Woman': Men's Strategic Representation of Women's Interests", I seek to identify when and why men substantively represent women's interests in parliamentary debate. Introducing a concept of strategic substantive representation, I argue, and test empirically, that men stand to be rewarded electorally for this behaviour and will further women's interests at times when it is most visible to voters.

In my final PhD paper, "A Double Standard? Gender Bias in Voters' Perceptions of Political Arguments", I assess whether voters are biased in their perceptions of the ways in which politicians communicate. To address this, I designed a novel survey experiment where UK voters were presented with arguments representative of a range of styles congruent with gender stereotypes. The MP gender, argument style, and policy area were manipulated to assess, first, whether there is a backlash effect when politicians violate gender-based stereotypes, and second, whether voters' differential perception of the styles themselves may explain this backlash. I find that while there is good evidence that the styles politicians use do influence how voters perceive them, there is only very limited evidence that this is gendered.